1. Ancient Greece
The knowledge about breeding and processing of olive oil in Croatia, primarily on the coast and the islands, was brought by Greeks, and continued to cultivate the Romans who considered olive oil from Istria to be one of the best in the whole empire. Apart from the written evidence of the exceptional quality of Istrian oil, the Romans left many remains of antique oil and amphorae along the entire western coast. Olive plants and autochthonous varieties such as Istrian beech, buffalo and carbonate were found in the remains of these remains, while on the island of Brijuni was discovered an olive tree of 1600 years old which still yields fruit.
2. The ancient Romans
The ancient Romans produced "Oleum ex albis olivis", the highest quality olive oil (today's extra virgin). The area of production of ex albis was a triangle between Vodnjan, Barbariga and Fažana. In Fazana (a fishing village near Peroj and the starting port of excursion to the National Park Brijuni), the largest amphora manufactory was also found, with olive oil and wine transported.